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Central extensions of preprojective algebras of Dynkin quivers, quantum Heisenberg algebras, and Hecke algebras of 2-dimensional complex reflection groups

SPEAKER: Pavel Etingof

TITLE: Central extensions of preprojective algebras of Dynkin quivers, quantum Heisenberg algebras, and Hecke algebras of 2-dimensional complex reflection groups.

ABSTRACT We introduce a central extension of the preprojective algebra of a finite Dynkin quiver (depending on a regular weight for the corresponding root system), whose natural deformed version is flat (unlike that for the preprojective algebra). We calculate the Hilbert polynomial of the central extension, and show that it is a Frobenius algebra. As a corollary, we obtain the Hilbert series of the usual deformed preprojective algebra in which the deformation parameters are variables, and show that this algebra is Gorenstein (although it is not a flat module over the ring of parameters). The proofs are based on the fact that our central extension for the weight $\rho$ is the image of the quantum Heisenberg algebra in the fusion category of representations of quantum SL(2) under a tensor functor into bimodules over a semisimple algebra. Finally, we explain how our algebras are connected to cyclotomic Hecke algebras of complex reflection groups of rank 2, and in particular show that the dimension of the latter for generic parameters is equal to the order of the group, as conjectured by Broue, Malle, and Rouquier.